0452-2530070 0452-2530070
Campus Trees

Caesalpinia ferrea


Family: Caesalpiniaceae

Common name: Brazilian Ironwood, Iron Wood, Leopard Tree

Flowering period: August – September



  • Brazilian Ironwood is a beautiful tree with white and chocolate flaking bark and pendant, flowing branchlets of compound leaves.
  • The bark of the Brazilian Ironwood is the single most attractive feature of the plant. The pattern formed by the flaking bark inspired the name “Leopard Tree”.
  • The leaves are double-compound, with broadly oval, rounded leaflets.
  • The flowers are yellow. They are small, fragrant, yellow, and the standard petal has reddish markings.


           The leaves, fruits, seeds, and bark from Caesalpinia ferrea are used in popular medicine to treat disorders affecting several systems, including the circulatory, immune, cardiovascular, digestive, respiratory, genitourinary, musculoskeletal, and conjunctive systems.