Common Names: Nukkam, Bombay blackwood, East Indian rosewood
Flowering Period: August – September
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Black Rosewood is predominantly a single-stemmed deciduous tree with a dome shaped crown of lush green foliage. The tree can become 20-40 m tall, with a trunk diameter of 1.5-2 m.
The bark is gray, thin with irregular short cracks, peeling in fibrous longitudinal flakes. Alternately arranged leaves are odd-pinnate with 5-7 unequal sized leaflets originating from the same rachis.
Leaflets are broadly blunt-tipped, dark green above and pale below.
Tannins extracted from the bark are used to treat diarrhoea and indigestion.
Timber used to make furniture, veneers, musical instruments, boat keels and joinery.
Due to its nitrogen-fixing properties, the foliage is usually nitrogen-rich and is used as mulch or fodder. This species is usually planted with crops like rice, maize, beans, coffee and ginger.