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Campus Trees

Phyllanthus emblica


Family:  Phyllanthaceae

Common Names: Indian gooseberry, Amla

Flowering Period: July – February


  • Amla is a small to medium sized deciduous tree, reaching 8 to 18 m in height, which is known for its edible fruit of the same name.
  • The tree has crooked trunk and spreading branches. The leaves are simple, nearly stalkless and closely set along slender branchlets.
  • The leaves are often mistaken for leaflets of pinnate leaves.
  • Amla flowers are small, greenish-yellow or pinkish.
  • The flowers have six segments, but no real petals.
  • Male and female flowers are carried separately on the same branch. The fruit is nearly spherical, light greenish yellow, quite smooth and hard on appearance, with 6 vertical stripes or furrows.


  • Fruits are edible. The fruit is an extremely rich source of ascorbic acid.
  • The fruits have diuretic, laxative and purgative activities and show molluscicide and antimicrobial properties.
  • Its wood is used for the construction of furniture and implements
  • . Its wood is also suitable as firewood and produces charcoal of good quality.