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Campus Trees

Terminalia bellirica

Family:  Combretaceae

Common Names: Thannikka, Tusham, Bedda nut tree, Belliricmyrobalan

Flowering Period: December – January


  • Baheda is a tall tree, with characteristic bark, 12-50 m tall.
  • Leaves are alternately arranged or fascicled at the end of branches, elliptic or elliptic obovate, leathery, dotted, entire.
  • Leaf tip is narrow- pointed or rounded. Leaves are 8-20 cm long, 7.5-15 cm wide, on stalks 2.15 cm long.
  • Flowers arise in spikes in leaf axils, 5-15 cm long. Flowers are greenish yellow, 5-6 mm across, stalkless, upper flowers of the spike are male, lower flowers are bisexual. Stamens are 3-4 mm long.
  • Fruit is obovoid 1.5-2.5 cm, covered with minute pale pubescence, stone very thick, indistinctly 5 angled.


  • In traditional Indian Ayurvedic medicine, Baheda is known as “Bibhitaki;” in its fruit form it is used in the popular Indian herbal rasayana treatment triphala.
  • It is used to protect the liver and to treat respiratory conditions, including respiratory tract infections, cough, and sore throat.
  • It is used as a lotion for sore eyes.